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22 марта 2017 г.

М.К. Афанасьева,
учитель английского языка
ГУ ЛУВК СШГ №30, г. Луганск
marishka-afanasieva@yandex.ua

РАЗРАБОТКА УРОКА В 8 КЛАССЕ ПО АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ “AROUND LONDON” В РАМКАХ РЕАЛИЗАЦИИ СИСТЕМНО-ДЕЯТЕЛЬНОСТНОГО ПОДХОДА





Аннотация
    Данный урок разработан в рамках реализации системно-деятельностного подхода. Основной принцип деятельностного подхода состоит в том, что знания не преподносятся в готовом виде, учащиеся получают информацию, самостоятельно участвуя в исследовательской деятельности. Для активизации познавательной и практической деятельности учащихся на уроке используются разнообразные приёмы, формы и методы работы, которые способствуют развитию творческих способностей учащихся, мышления. На уроке реализуются все виды речевой деятельности. Домашнее задание дифференцировано, что побуждает учащихся к саморазвитию.
Ключевые слова
    системно-деятельностный подход, познавательная деятельность, формы и методы работы, творческие способности, виды речевой деятельности
Разработка урока
Тема: Around London
Форма урока:
урок – путешествие.
Тип урока: комбинированный
Цель урока: расширить знания и кругозор учащихся через лингвострановедческую информацию о достопримечательностях Великобритании
Задачи урока:
Практическая:

  • тренировать навыки речевой деятельности учащихся - чтение и аудирование;
  • активизировать употребление лексики по теме «Лондон» в речи;
  • прочитать текст с извлечением детальной информации для реализации коммуникативных задач.
Развивающая:
  • развивать внимание, память, догадку учащихся, фонематический слух;
  • развивать умение высказывать свое мнение на английском языке;
  • развивать умение работать в группе.
Воспитательная:
  • воспитывать уважение к культуре страны, язык которой изучается;
  • воспитывать положительное отношение к изучению иностранного языка;
  • воспитывать чувство взаимопомощи, уважительное отношение к чужому мнению.
Оборудование:
1.    Раздаточный материал:
  • Комплект заданий с упражнениями по теме;
  • Таблицы «Sights of London»; “St Paul's Cathedral”, “Tower”
  • Карточки с лексическими опорами для высказываний
2.    ТСО:
  • Мультимедийный проектор;
  • Презентационный материал по теме: « Лондон»
Ход урока
І. Organisation
- Good afternoon, boys and girls! Glad to see you! Today we have guests at our lesson, so, let us greet them! Well, take your sits! Now we are ready to start!
II. Этап мотивации и подведение к самостоятельному определению темы урока
1. Answer the questions:

- Do you like travelling? And you? Have you ever been to other сities? What cities have you already been to? What do you usually do when you visit another city?
    Ok, look at this slide (Слайд 2). What can you see on it? Where are these sights located? Can you name them? So, can you tell me what the topic of our lesson is? Right you are! What do you think we are going to do during the lesson?
2. Постановка проблемы.
So, let's start our lesson. Look at this quotation, read it and translate.
"If you are tired of London,
You are tired of life..."
Samuel Johnson
Thank you, very much. Remember it and by the end of the lesson try to tell me why people compare London with life.
Ш. Phonetic drill (снятие фонетических трудностей)
    Well, before we start our trip we should do some preparations and pack our suitcases. First, let’s pronounce some proper names (слайд 3):
The Tower of London
Tower Bridge
St. Paul’s Cathedral
The Thames
Westminster Abbey
Trafalgar Square
Buckingham Palace
The Houses of Parliament
St. James’ Park
Christopher Wren
Whispering Gallery
William the Conqueror     
IV. Активизация опорных знаний и выявление первичных затруднений
    T:
And now we are going to see them. Watch a short video and try to remember the sights of London. Name as many sights as you will see in order not to miss them during your trip to London. (Video “The City of London” 1.35 min) What sights have you seen? Do you know any other sights?
V. Проработка изученного материала.
1. Путешествие по Лондону:
1) сообщения учащихся о достопримечательностях Лондона

    T: As you know, any excursion is impossible without a guide. Let me introduce our guides Daniel and Yuliya. They will help you learn new and interesting facts about London and its sights. On your desks, you can find cards with tables. While watching and listening, complete them with interesting facts and be ready to answer our questions.
Pupils’ presentation:
P1: Good morning dear friends!
Welcome to London!
    As you know, London is the capital of Great Britain. It's a very big city. London is situated on the river Thames. About 9 ml people live in London. It is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. It is also a very old city. London is 2000 years old. London consists of three main parts: the City, the West End and the East End. The City is the Heart of London; it is a financial and business centre. There are many banks, offices and firms there. The West End is the richest part of London. The main interesting places are situated there. The East End is a working part of London. Слайд 5-10
   
P2: We start our tour from Trafalgar Square. It's the most popular place for people to meet. In the middle of the square, there is Nelson's Column, which is 51 m. high. Слайд11
    Now we are coming to Buckingham Palace. It is the most famous place in London. It is the home of the Queen. There are 600 rooms in it. It has an indoor swimming pool and a cinema. Слайд 12  Near it there is St. James’ Park. It is one of the royal Parks. It is the oldest and the smallest among them. There you can find a lake and see pelicans and ducks. People like to rest in here. Слайд 13
    P1:  In front of us, you can see the Houses of Parliament and Big Ben. The Houses of Parliament is the seat of the British government. Big Ben is one of the most famous clocks in the world. Слайд 14
    And now look at this Picture! One of the greatest English churches, St. Paul's Cathedral, is not far from the Tower of London. The Famous English architect Sir Christopher Wren built it in the 17th century after the Great Fire. It took Sir Christopher Wren 35 years to complete it. It is a beautiful building with many columns and towers. In one of its towers, there is one of the largest bells in the world. Слайд 15
    P2: And this is a museum. Madame Tussaud's is a wax museum. It is famous all over the world. There are a lot of kings, queens, politicians and stars. You can see famous people from the past and famous people of today. It is very popular – two million people visit it every year. There are about 4 hundred figures in the museum. Слайд 16
    And now we are crossing Tower Bridge over the river Thames. It is one of the oldest and most beautiful bridges in London. It is more than 100 years.  Слайд 17, 18
   
And now you can see the British Museum. It has one of the largest libraries in the world. There are many old books and manuscripts there. Many great people worked in this library.  Слайд 19
 Exercise 1. Completing the table
2) выполнение упражнения на проверку понимания материала:

    T: Thank you very much. Did you like the excursion? Which of the sights did you like most and why? What did you learn about it? Use your tables. Start your answer with a phrase on the screen. Card # 1 Слайд 20
Exercise 2. Match the beginning and the ending of the sentences.
    I’d like to check what you’ve remembered, complete the following task – Match the beginning and the ending of the sentences. Card #2 Слайд 21. Let’s check it!
    Relaxation
    After such a long excursion, you need a rest. You have been looking at the screen for a long time that is why our eyes are tiered. Let’s do some exercises for your eyes.
Look left. Look right.
Look up. Look down.
Look around.
Look at your nose.
Look at that rose.
Close your eyes.
Open, wink and smile.
2. Чтение текста с извлечением детальной информации (communicative reading)

    T: I hope you are ready to continue. London is a historical city too. Every sight in it has its history. You are going to meet 2 the most famous historical sights of London – St. Paul’s Cathedral and The Tower. Join in 2 groups according to colourful stripes on your desks and take your sits at the tables. Слайд 23
    Here you can find texts and tables. Each group has a different table. Your task is to read the text first and remember as many details as possible. You have 3 minutes to complete the task.
Text 1. ST. PAUL'S CATHEDRAL
    Everybody coming to London for the first time wants to see St. Paul's Cathedral. This is the third cathedral with this name, which London has had. The two others were burnt down, the first in 1086 and the second in 1666.
    Christopher Wren was an architect who had already built many buildings. In 1675, he started his greatest work. For 35 years, the building of St. Paul's Cathedral went on, and Wren was an old man before it was finished.
    From far away you can see the huge dome with a golden ball and cross on the top. The inside of the cathedral is very beautiful. After looking around, you can climb 263 steps to the Whispering Gallery, above the library, which runs round the dome. It is called so because if someone whispers close to the wall on one side, a person with an ear close to the wall on the other side can hear what is being said. Then, if you climb another 118 steps, you will be able to stand outside the dome and look over London.

Text 2. The Tower of London
     The tower of London is the most interesting place in London because it reflects the history of the country. William the Conqueror built it of white stone in 1066. It was called the White Tower. The Tower of London was a fortress, a palace, a prison and a King’s Zoo. Now it is a museum. You can see a lot of interesting things in the halls of the White Tower. The symbol of the Tower of London is six black ravens. People keep them in the Tower and look after them very well because they believe that London will be rich while ravens live there. That is why the birds have clipped wings and are guarded carefully.
      Nowadays the Tower is a museum. But in this prison the jewels are locked up. The jewels are the famous “Crown Jewels” of England. According to the traditions, Beefeaters guard the Tower. They still wear their 16th century bright and colourful Tudor uniforms.
-    
Now I want you to choose a person who will join another group. Good!
-    The task of each group is to ask a representative from another group questions about the sight and complete the tables. You have 4 minutes to complete the task.  Card #3+texts
-    Well, your time is up! Now tell the others what you have learnt about these sights.
VI. Этап рефлексии
1.    Crossword
2.    At the beginning of our lesson, we read the quotation by Samuel Johnson - "If you are tired of London, You are tired of life..."
    After we found out so many interesting facts about London and its sights, can you tell me if you agree with this quotation and explain your answer? Why do people compare London with life? Did you like our trip? Which sights did you like most and why?
VII. Homework
1. You work in a travel agency. You have a visitor. Tell him about one of the sights of London.
2. Create a travel brochure “10 things to see in London”
T. Thank you for your work today. You were very active. So, your marks are…

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